This stotram celebrates the auspicious quality (Kalyana Guna) of Mercy (Dayaa) of the Lord of Thiruvenkatam. Of All the Kalyana Gunaas of Venkataadhri Sekhara Vibhu, His Dayaa is the most important one for the uplift of the Chetanaas. The concept of Prapatthi and Thiruvenkatamudayaan’s Dayaa to realize the fruits of that Prapatthi is the subject of Sri Venkatanatha Kavi in this “Satakam”.

The structure of this stotram containing 108 slokas (one for each of the Divya Desa Archaa Murthys of Sriman Narayana perhaps) is extraordinarily impressive even by Swami Desikan’s standards of poetic excellence. Our Acharya has used ten plus different meters to compose the ten groups of slokas, each of which houses “ ten” slokas. The numbers of slokas and their poetic meters are as follows:

1. Slokaas 1-10: Anushtup meter
2. Slokaas 11-20: Aryaa meter
3. Slokaas 21-30: Oupacchandhasikam
4. Slokaas 31-40: Maalini
5. Slokaas 41-50: Mandhaakraanthaa
6. Slokaas 51-60: Nathkutakam
7. Slokaas 61-70: SikariNi
8. Slokaas 71-80: HariNi
9. Slokaas 81-90: Pruthvee
10. Slokaas 91-104: Vasantha Tilakaa
11. Slokaas 105& 106: Maalini again
12. Slokaas 107& 108: Sardhoola Vikriditham

In the tradition of Sri Sriraama DesikAcchAr Swamy, each set of the ten slokas have the essence of the ten Patthus of Thiruvaimozhi of Nammazhwaar.

According to this tradition, every set of ten reveals a particular meaning, which together covers the Ananatha KalyaaNa GuNams of the Lord of Thiruvenkatam. The ten meanings associated with the ten sets of ten slokas have been summarized by Srirama Desikaacchaar Swamy this way:

1. The Lord of Thiruvenkatam is the one, who can give Mokshaanugraham.
2. He comprehends everything and He is capable of carrying out whatever He chooses to do.
3. He destroys the enemies of those, who surrender unto Him and thereby seek His help.
4. He is the means for attaining ALL worthwhile goals.
5. He is the fruit of ALL worthwhile endeavours.
6. He can be reached easily thru the glorious means of Prapatthi.
7. He will rush to the help of the lowest and the highest with same speed, when they appeal to Him sincerely for help.
8. He is the Supreme Principle standing on top of Thiruvenkatam.
9. He is the one, who took the incarnations of Rama and Krishna.
10. He is the one, who can offer the happiness associated with Moksha right here on this earth.

Swami Desikan goes on to describe in detail the Anantha Kalyana Gunaas of Sriman Narayana in his Taatparya RatnaavaLi and Dramidopanishad Saaram. He is thus paying his tribute to Nammazhwaar’s Thiruvaimozhi in all of these three works. We will illustrate the ten essential meanings of Daya Satakam in the subsequent sections as revealed by Srirama Desikaacchaar Swamy in the tradition of his Achaarya, Navaneetham Krishnamaacchaar Swamy of Oppiliappan Koil.


Slokam 11

anuchara shaktyaadi guNaam.h agresara bodha virachitaalokaam.h.
svaadhIna vR^iShagirIshaaM svayaM prabhUtaaM pramaaNayaami dayaam.h..11


adiyEn seeks as my foundation for my rakshaNam DayA DEvi (DayAM PramANayAmi).She has Her Lord under her influence (svaadheena Vrusha Gireesam). She is followed by the assembly of Bhagavaan’s five guNams: Balam, Iswaryam, sakthi, Veeryam and Tejas (anuchara Sakthi aadhi guNam). The sixth guNam, Jn~Anam, goes in front announcing the Kattiyam of “Jaya, Jaya” to Dayaa Devi. That Jn~Ana guNam in front of Dayaa Devi is like the hand torch to light the way (agrEsara BhOdha virachitha AalOkAm). She is the queen of the Lord of Thirumalai without parallel (Svayam PrabhUthAm).


When a queen travels on the streets of her Capitol at night,there are servants who carry lighted torches to illuminate the way. Her retinue follows behind. Her adoring Lord accompanies her. In this state, she has very few people equal to her. She shines supreme. Similarly the Dayaa Devi, the divine consort of the Lord is an unmatched queen in Her Vaibhavam. When She sets forth to protect a Jeevan in trouble, among Her six guNams, Jn~Anam goes in front of Her to illuminate Her path. The other five follow Her to help Her. Dayaa Devi with such parivAramhas Her Lord under Her influence. There is no one superior to Her. Therefore, adiyEn leaves the burden of my protection to Her. This slOkam suggests that Bhagavaan’s Jn~Ana guNam comprehends the state of suffering of the Jeevan and uses the Sakthi, Balam andother guNams to protect the jeevan

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