This stotram celebrates the auspicious quality (Kalyana Guna) of Mercy (Dayaa) of the Lord of Thiruvenkatam. Of All the Kalyana Gunaas of Venkataadhri Sekhara Vibhu, His Dayaa is the most important one for the uplift of the Chetanaas. The concept of Prapatthi and Thiruvenkatamudayaan’s Dayaa to realize the fruits of that Prapatthi is the subject of Sri Venkatanatha Kavi in this “Satakam”.

The structure of this stotram containing 108 slokas (one for each of the Divya Desa Archaa Murthys of Sriman Narayana perhaps) is extraordinarily impressive even by Swami Desikan’s standards of poetic excellence. Our Acharya has used ten plus different meters to compose the ten groups of slokas, each of which houses “ ten” slokas. The numbers of slokas and their poetic meters are as follows:

1. Slokaas 1-10: Anushtup meter
2. Slokaas 11-20: Aryaa meter
3. Slokaas 21-30: Oupacchandhasikam
4. Slokaas 31-40: Maalini
5. Slokaas 41-50: Mandhaakraanthaa
6. Slokaas 51-60: Nathkutakam
7. Slokaas 61-70: SikariNi
8. Slokaas 71-80: HariNi
9. Slokaas 81-90: Pruthvee
10. Slokaas 91-104: Vasantha Tilakaa
11. Slokaas 105& 106: Maalini again
12. Slokaas 107& 108: Sardhoola Vikriditham

In the tradition of Sri Sriraama DesikAcchAr Swamy, each set of the ten slokas have the essence of the ten Patthus of Thiruvaimozhi of Nammazhwaar.

According to this tradition, every set of ten reveals a particular meaning, which together covers the Ananatha KalyaaNa GuNams of the Lord of Thiruvenkatam. The ten meanings associated with the ten sets of ten slokas have been summarized by Srirama Desikaacchaar Swamy this way:

1. The Lord of Thiruvenkatam is the one, who can give Mokshaanugraham.
2. He comprehends everything and He is capable of carrying out whatever He chooses to do.
3. He destroys the enemies of those, who surrender unto Him and thereby seek His help.
4. He is the means for attaining ALL worthwhile goals.
5. He is the fruit of ALL worthwhile endeavours.
6. He can be reached easily thru the glorious means of Prapatthi.
7. He will rush to the help of the lowest and the highest with same speed, when they appeal to Him sincerely for help.
8. He is the Supreme Principle standing on top of Thiruvenkatam.
9. He is the one, who took the incarnations of Rama and Krishna.
10. He is the one, who can offer the happiness associated with Moksha right here on this earth.

Swami Desikan goes on to describe in detail the Anantha Kalyana Gunaas of Sriman Narayana in his Taatparya RatnaavaLi and Dramidopanishad Saaram. He is thus paying his tribute to Nammazhwaar’s Thiruvaimozhi in all of these three works. We will illustrate the ten essential meanings of Daya Satakam in the subsequent sections as revealed by Srirama Desikaacchaar Swamy in the tradition of his Achaarya, Navaneetham Krishnamaacchaar Swamy of Oppiliappan Koil.


Slokam 56

jagati mitaMpachaa tvaditaraa tu daye! taralaa
phala niyamojjitaa bhavati santapanaaya punaH.
tvamiha nira~Ngusha prashakanaadi vibhutimatI
vitarasi dehinaaM niravadhiM vR^iShashaila nidhim.h..56


The key words of this SlOkam are “ Thvam nirankusa prasakanAdhi vibhUthimathee ihadEhinAm niravthim Vrushasaila nidhim vitharasi” (Oh Dayaa Devi! Your sakthi and Iswaryam flow without interruption. You bless all embodied souls on this earth with the treasure on top of Thirumala). All other dayAs such as those of Indhran, BrahmA and other DevAs as well as the kings in this and celestial universe are not comparable to Your Dayaa. Their dayaa can only yield insignificant fruits. They are not of the lasting nature like Your Dayaa. Their Dayaas will come and go. Their dayaa will turn some times into anger, when the recipients make a mistake and cause a lot of sorrow. You are Lord SrinivAsan’s Dayaa. Your glories are matchless in its auspiciousness and durability. No one can stop Your sakthi and sankalpam. You stand firm without wavering. You will never fail to bless those who take refuge in You. The chEthanams never ever doubt about Your steadfastness in blessing them. What kind of phalans do you grant ? You give the boon of the mighty treasure standing ontop of Thirumala. Thanks to You, that incomparable Iswaryam comes under the control of the PrapannAs. It is for all these reasons the dayaa of the dEvAs and the kings are not fit to stand before Your dayaa.

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