This stotram celebrates the auspicious quality (Kalyana Guna) of Mercy (Dayaa) of the Lord of Thiruvenkatam. Of All the Kalyana Gunaas of Venkataadhri Sekhara Vibhu, His Dayaa is the most important one for the uplift of the Chetanaas. The concept of Prapatthi and Thiruvenkatamudayaan’s Dayaa to realize the fruits of that Prapatthi is the subject of Sri Venkatanatha Kavi in this “Satakam”.

The structure of this stotram containing 108 slokas (one for each of the Divya Desa Archaa Murthys of Sriman Narayana perhaps) is extraordinarily impressive even by Swami Desikan’s standards of poetic excellence. Our Acharya has used ten plus different meters to compose the ten groups of slokas, each of which houses “ ten” slokas. The numbers of slokas and their poetic meters are as follows:

1. Slokaas 1-10: Anushtup meter
2. Slokaas 11-20: Aryaa meter
3. Slokaas 21-30: Oupacchandhasikam
4. Slokaas 31-40: Maalini
5. Slokaas 41-50: Mandhaakraanthaa
6. Slokaas 51-60: Nathkutakam
7. Slokaas 61-70: SikariNi
8. Slokaas 71-80: HariNi
9. Slokaas 81-90: Pruthvee
10. Slokaas 91-104: Vasantha Tilakaa
11. Slokaas 105& 106: Maalini again
12. Slokaas 107& 108: Sardhoola Vikriditham

In the tradition of Sri Sriraama DesikAcchAr Swamy, each set of the ten slokas have the essence of the ten Patthus of Thiruvaimozhi of Nammazhwaar.

According to this tradition, every set of ten reveals a particular meaning, which together covers the Ananatha KalyaaNa GuNams of the Lord of Thiruvenkatam. The ten meanings associated with the ten sets of ten slokas have been summarized by Srirama Desikaacchaar Swamy this way:

1. The Lord of Thiruvenkatam is the one, who can give Mokshaanugraham.
2. He comprehends everything and He is capable of carrying out whatever He chooses to do.
3. He destroys the enemies of those, who surrender unto Him and thereby seek His help.
4. He is the means for attaining ALL worthwhile goals.
5. He is the fruit of ALL worthwhile endeavours.
6. He can be reached easily thru the glorious means of Prapatthi.
7. He will rush to the help of the lowest and the highest with same speed, when they appeal to Him sincerely for help.
8. He is the Supreme Principle standing on top of Thiruvenkatam.
9. He is the one, who took the incarnations of Rama and Krishna.
10. He is the one, who can offer the happiness associated with Moksha right here on this earth.

Swami Desikan goes on to describe in detail the Anantha Kalyana Gunaas of Sriman Narayana in his Taatparya RatnaavaLi and Dramidopanishad Saaram. He is thus paying his tribute to Nammazhwaar’s Thiruvaimozhi in all of these three works. We will illustrate the ten essential meanings of Daya Satakam in the subsequent sections as revealed by Srirama Desikaacchaar Swamy in the tradition of his Achaarya, Navaneetham Krishnamaacchaar Swamy of Oppiliappan Koil.


Slokam 90

vR^iShaadri haya saadinaH prabala dormarut.h pre~NkhitaH
tviShaa spuTa taTid.h guNastvadavaseka saMskaaravaan.h.
kariShyati daye kali prabala gharma nirmuulanaH
punaH kR^ita yugaa~NkuraM bhuvi kR^ipaaNa dhaaraadharaH..90


This slOkam relates to Kalki avathAram. Swamy Desikan recognizes the Lord of Thirumala as “Haya Saadhina:” and celebrates the sahAyam (assistance) given by Dayaa Devi in this tenth and last avathAram of the Lord. This avathAram takes place at the end of Kali Yugam and ushers in the noble Krutha Yugam, where Dharmam stands firmly on its four legs. Swamy Desikan salutes Dayaa Devi as the cause for this avathAram. At the end of Kali Yugam, only sinners will be populating this earth. At that time, Dayaa Devi commands the Lord of ThiruvEnkatam to manifest as Kalki avathAram to lighten the load of the universe. Kalki BhagavAn rides on a white horse, carries a glittering sword, destroys the sinners left and sets the stage for the onset of the noble Krutha Yugam. The sword that Kalki BhagavAn carries is dipped in dayaa to destroy the evil ones and to pave the way through that act to make them attain sathgathy. The Sword in the hand of Kalki is like a cloud. When that sword associates with Dayaa DEvi, it is like the sword drinking the water of compassion. Kalki BhagavAn’s sword-wielding hand is like a roaring wind that pushes the rain-bearing cloud. When the sword swirls in Kalki BhagavAn’s hands,its radiance falls on all directions. That spreading of the lustre of the sword is like the travel of lightning in all directions. That sword's movements drenches the world with the rain of Dayaa. Those who get killed by the sword of the BhagavAn reach sathgathy and are rid of their sins. Through this act of destructon of the sinners, all the SamsAra tApams are banished. After the sword of the BhagavAn destroys Kali dhOshams, the scene is set for the dawn of the most auspicious Krutha Yugam. Dharmam will thrive then. Oh Dayaa DEvi! You make Lord SrinivAsan take the Kalki avathAram thus and assist Him at the end of this Yugam

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