INTRODUCTION

This stotram celebrates the auspicious quality (Kalyana Guna) of Mercy (Dayaa) of the Lord of Thiruvenkatam. Of All the Kalyana Gunaas of Venkataadhri Sekhara Vibhu, His Dayaa is the most important one for the uplift of the Chetanaas. The concept of Prapatthi and Thiruvenkatamudayaan’s Dayaa to realize the fruits of that Prapatthi is the subject of Sri Venkatanatha Kavi in this “Satakam”.

The structure of this stotram containing 108 slokas (one for each of the Divya Desa Archaa Murthys of Sriman Narayana perhaps) is extraordinarily impressive even by Swami Desikan’s standards of poetic excellence. Our Acharya has used ten plus different meters to compose the ten groups of slokas, each of which houses “ ten” slokas. The numbers of slokas and their poetic meters are as follows:

1. Slokaas 1-10: Anushtup meter
2. Slokaas 11-20: Aryaa meter
3. Slokaas 21-30: Oupacchandhasikam
4. Slokaas 31-40: Maalini
5. Slokaas 41-50: Mandhaakraanthaa
6. Slokaas 51-60: Nathkutakam
7. Slokaas 61-70: SikariNi
8. Slokaas 71-80: HariNi
9. Slokaas 81-90: Pruthvee
10. Slokaas 91-104: Vasantha Tilakaa
11. Slokaas 105& 106: Maalini again
12. Slokaas 107& 108: Sardhoola Vikriditham

In the tradition of Sri Sriraama DesikAcchAr Swamy, each set of the ten slokas have the essence of the ten Patthus of Thiruvaimozhi of Nammazhwaar.

According to this tradition, every set of ten reveals a particular meaning, which together covers the Ananatha KalyaaNa GuNams of the Lord of Thiruvenkatam. The ten meanings associated with the ten sets of ten slokas have been summarized by Srirama Desikaacchaar Swamy this way:

1. The Lord of Thiruvenkatam is the one, who can give Mokshaanugraham.
2. He comprehends everything and He is capable of carrying out whatever He chooses to do.
3. He destroys the enemies of those, who surrender unto Him and thereby seek His help.
4. He is the means for attaining ALL worthwhile goals.
5. He is the fruit of ALL worthwhile endeavours.
6. He can be reached easily thru the glorious means of Prapatthi.
7. He will rush to the help of the lowest and the highest with same speed, when they appeal to Him sincerely for help.
8. He is the Supreme Principle standing on top of Thiruvenkatam.
9. He is the one, who took the incarnations of Rama and Krishna.
10. He is the one, who can offer the happiness associated with Moksha right here on this earth.

Swami Desikan goes on to describe in detail the Anantha Kalyana Gunaas of Sriman Narayana in his Taatparya RatnaavaLi and Dramidopanishad Saaram. He is thus paying his tribute to Nammazhwaar’s Thiruvaimozhi in all of these three works. We will illustrate the ten essential meanings of Daya Satakam in the subsequent sections as revealed by Srirama Desikaacchaar Swamy in the tradition of his Achaarya, Navaneetham Krishnamaacchaar Swamy of Oppiliappan Koil.

17-Mar-2012

Slokam 12

api nikhila loka sucharita muShin.h dhaya durita mUrchchhanaa juShTam.h.
sa~njIvayati daye maam.h a~njana girinaatha ra~njanI bhavatI..12

(MEANING):

Oh Dayaa Devi, who gladdens the heart of ThiruvEngadamudayAn should bring me back to life as I stay in a state of coma from the effects of the mighty assembly of sins of mine. The nature and severity of adiyEn’s sins are such that they can consume in one sip the integrated assembly of the puNyams of all the people.

(COMMENTS):

Oh Dayaa Devi! You are adiyEn’s Mother. It is Your responsibility to protect Your child. There is no limit to the sins that I have accumulated. When one compares the weight of my sins with those of the puNyams of the rest of the jeevans of the world, it would become clear my sins outweigh the other’s puNyams decisively. adiyEn’s sins can suck up in one gulp all the puNyams of the others. The power of these pApams has knocked me into a state of stupor. Your Lord resides in the ThiruvEngaDam hills known for its medicinal herbs(Oushadhis). He is a celebrated Doctor, who specializes in curing the diseases of SamsAram Through Your charm and conductance, You endear the Lord of Thirumala. Therefore, He will not ignore Your pleas. Oh Dayaa Devi! adiyEn appeals to You to plead with Your Lord to chase away my sins, restore me from my trance like state and bless me with auspicious life.

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