This stotram celebrates the auspicious quality (Kalyana Guna) of Mercy (Dayaa) of the Lord of Thiruvenkatam. Of All the Kalyana Gunaas of Venkataadhri Sekhara Vibhu, His Dayaa is the most important one for the uplift of the Chetanaas. The concept of Prapatthi and Thiruvenkatamudayaan’s Dayaa to realize the fruits of that Prapatthi is the subject of Sri Venkatanatha Kavi in this “Satakam”.

The structure of this stotram containing 108 slokas (one for each of the Divya Desa Archaa Murthys of Sriman Narayana perhaps) is extraordinarily impressive even by Swami Desikan’s standards of poetic excellence. Our Acharya has used ten plus different meters to compose the ten groups of slokas, each of which houses “ ten” slokas. The numbers of slokas and their poetic meters are as follows:

1. Slokaas 1-10: Anushtup meter
2. Slokaas 11-20: Aryaa meter
3. Slokaas 21-30: Oupacchandhasikam
4. Slokaas 31-40: Maalini
5. Slokaas 41-50: Mandhaakraanthaa
6. Slokaas 51-60: Nathkutakam
7. Slokaas 61-70: SikariNi
8. Slokaas 71-80: HariNi
9. Slokaas 81-90: Pruthvee
10. Slokaas 91-104: Vasantha Tilakaa
11. Slokaas 105& 106: Maalini again
12. Slokaas 107& 108: Sardhoola Vikriditham

In the tradition of Sri Sriraama DesikAcchAr Swamy, each set of the ten slokas have the essence of the ten Patthus of Thiruvaimozhi of Nammazhwaar.

According to this tradition, every set of ten reveals a particular meaning, which together covers the Ananatha KalyaaNa GuNams of the Lord of Thiruvenkatam. The ten meanings associated with the ten sets of ten slokas have been summarized by Srirama Desikaacchaar Swamy this way:

1. The Lord of Thiruvenkatam is the one, who can give Mokshaanugraham.
2. He comprehends everything and He is capable of carrying out whatever He chooses to do.
3. He destroys the enemies of those, who surrender unto Him and thereby seek His help.
4. He is the means for attaining ALL worthwhile goals.
5. He is the fruit of ALL worthwhile endeavours.
6. He can be reached easily thru the glorious means of Prapatthi.
7. He will rush to the help of the lowest and the highest with same speed, when they appeal to Him sincerely for help.
8. He is the Supreme Principle standing on top of Thiruvenkatam.
9. He is the one, who took the incarnations of Rama and Krishna.
10. He is the one, who can offer the happiness associated with Moksha right here on this earth.

Swami Desikan goes on to describe in detail the Anantha Kalyana Gunaas of Sriman Narayana in his Taatparya RatnaavaLi and Dramidopanishad Saaram. He is thus paying his tribute to Nammazhwaar’s Thiruvaimozhi in all of these three works. We will illustrate the ten essential meanings of Daya Satakam in the subsequent sections as revealed by Srirama Desikaacchaar Swamy in the tradition of his Achaarya, Navaneetham Krishnamaacchaar Swamy of Oppiliappan Koil.


Slokam 42

prajaapatya prabhR^iti vibhavaM prexya paryaaya duHkhaM
janmaa kaa~Nxan.h vR^iShagiri vane jagmuShaaM tasthuShaaM vaa.
aashaasaanaaH katichana vibhostvat.h pariShva~Nga dhanyaiH
a~NgIkaaraM xaNamapi daye haarda tu~Ngai rapaa~Ngai..42


The key words here are : “DayE! Kathichana Vrusha Giri vanE jagmushAm tasthushAm vaa janam AkAnkshan” (Oh DayA Devi! some MahA VivEkis and Parama BhakthAs want to exist as stationary or mobile beings in the forests of Your Lord at Thirumala). Why would they (Brahma Jn~Anis like KulasEkhara AzhwAr) want such a status to be a tree or fish at ThirumalA and long for it? It is because they are fully aware of the impermanence of the wealth of BrahmA, IndhrA and the kings of this world. They also know that these wealth and glories only end up in sorrow and is fraught with sufferings (Brahma losing the VedAs and Indhran being attacked by the asurAs). Therefore, the minds of these Brahma Jn~Anis do not hanker after these alpasukhams and asArams. They wish to be born in Thirumala hills and dales as a river, tree, birdetc. To them the blessings of such a birth is superior to the glories of Brahma pattam. Their reasoning is that the Lord’s affectionate glances might fall on them some time along with those of Yourself (DayA Devi’s). The goal of being blessed with Both of Your KrupA KaDAksham is the driving force for their desire to be born in any form at Thirumala

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