This stotram celebrates the auspicious quality (Kalyana Guna) of Mercy (Dayaa) of the Lord of Thiruvenkatam. Of All the Kalyana Gunaas of Venkataadhri Sekhara Vibhu, His Dayaa is the most important one for the uplift of the Chetanaas. The concept of Prapatthi and Thiruvenkatamudayaan’s Dayaa to realize the fruits of that Prapatthi is the subject of Sri Venkatanatha Kavi in this “Satakam”.

The structure of this stotram containing 108 slokas (one for each of the Divya Desa Archaa Murthys of Sriman Narayana perhaps) is extraordinarily impressive even by Swami Desikan’s standards of poetic excellence. Our Acharya has used ten plus different meters to compose the ten groups of slokas, each of which houses “ ten” slokas. The numbers of slokas and their poetic meters are as follows:

1. Slokaas 1-10: Anushtup meter
2. Slokaas 11-20: Aryaa meter
3. Slokaas 21-30: Oupacchandhasikam
4. Slokaas 31-40: Maalini
5. Slokaas 41-50: Mandhaakraanthaa
6. Slokaas 51-60: Nathkutakam
7. Slokaas 61-70: SikariNi
8. Slokaas 71-80: HariNi
9. Slokaas 81-90: Pruthvee
10. Slokaas 91-104: Vasantha Tilakaa
11. Slokaas 105& 106: Maalini again
12. Slokaas 107& 108: Sardhoola Vikriditham

In the tradition of Sri Sriraama DesikAcchAr Swamy, each set of the ten slokas have the essence of the ten Patthus of Thiruvaimozhi of Nammazhwaar.

According to this tradition, every set of ten reveals a particular meaning, which together covers the Ananatha KalyaaNa GuNams of the Lord of Thiruvenkatam. The ten meanings associated with the ten sets of ten slokas have been summarized by Srirama Desikaacchaar Swamy this way:

1. The Lord of Thiruvenkatam is the one, who can give Mokshaanugraham.
2. He comprehends everything and He is capable of carrying out whatever He chooses to do.
3. He destroys the enemies of those, who surrender unto Him and thereby seek His help.
4. He is the means for attaining ALL worthwhile goals.
5. He is the fruit of ALL worthwhile endeavours.
6. He can be reached easily thru the glorious means of Prapatthi.
7. He will rush to the help of the lowest and the highest with same speed, when they appeal to Him sincerely for help.
8. He is the Supreme Principle standing on top of Thiruvenkatam.
9. He is the one, who took the incarnations of Rama and Krishna.
10. He is the one, who can offer the happiness associated with Moksha right here on this earth.

Swami Desikan goes on to describe in detail the Anantha Kalyana Gunaas of Sriman Narayana in his Taatparya RatnaavaLi and Dramidopanishad Saaram. He is thus paying his tribute to Nammazhwaar’s Thiruvaimozhi in all of these three works. We will illustrate the ten essential meanings of Daya Satakam in the subsequent sections as revealed by Srirama Desikaacchaar Swamy in the tradition of his Achaarya, Navaneetham Krishnamaacchaar Swamy of Oppiliappan Koil.


Slokam 64

ApaaM patyuH shatruun.h asahana munerdharma nigalaM
kR^ipe kaakasyaikaM hitamiti hinasti sma nayanam.h.
vilIna svaatantryo vR^iShagiri patistvat.h vihR^itibhiH
dishatyevaM devo janita sugatim.h daNDana gatim.h..64


Oh Dayaa Devi! Your sports are mysterious. Through the power of Your sports, Your Lord loses His independence and is totally under Your control. Whatever punishments He metes out to the offending chEthanams end up as good things for them. For instance, when He got angry at the Samudra Raajan for disregarding His request to construct a dam, He was ready to dispatch His fierce arrows to punish him; the king of the Oceans appeared immediately in front of Your Lord and prostrated before Him and begged Your Lord to dispatch the targeted arrows on his enemies. It happened. Thus, the intended punishment meant for the Samudra Raajan ended up as a benevolent thing for him: destruction of his enemies. Another instance was the occasion, when angry ParasurAman confronted You and the arrow aimed by Your Lord at ParasurAman removed all of his puNyams that stood in the way of Him reaching the upper lokams like Svargam. On yet another occasion, the Crow which committed the MahA aparAdham of hurting SeethA PirAtti was punished lightly byremoving one of its eyes by Your Lord’s arrow. Thus Your clever sportly interventions change Your Lord’s intended punishments into benevolent acts. If Your Dayaa was not manifested,how can these punishments turn into acts of benevolence (DaNdana gathi: hitham bhavathy) at the end?

No comments:

Post a Comment